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Truancy & SART/SARB

Truancy

TRUANCY (CUT): California's compulsory education laws require children to attend school, with a limited number of specified exceptions. Under state law, a pupil who is tardy or absent for more than 30 minutes during the school day on three (3) occasions in one school year, is considered truant.  (Education Code 48260)  Parents are also encouraged to check their student’s attendance regularly by accessing Infinite Campus Parent Portal. 

  • Students who do not attend their class (absent without permission)
  • Parent/guardian has not contacted the Attendance Office to report a student's absence within two (2) school days**. 
  • Students do not sign in when arriving late or sign out when leaving early (regardless if a parent has called)
  • Students who leave class without permission or without a valid pass (exit tickets)

Students marked as cut may receive progressive disciplinary action.

Instances that qualify toward the total truancy event count:

  • Unexcused absence for 1+ periods in a day

  • Very Tardy for 1+ periods in a day

  • Cut for 1+ periods in a day

  • Unexcused early dismissal
    A student qualifies as truant if they have any combination of three of these incidents

Note: The letter triggering system in Infinite Campus is set as a single day count. This means that the system will count all instances of UNX, EDU, CUT, and VTY in a given day as one unexcused absence. (Ex. a student could have an UNX for period 1 and then a VTY in a different period, but that day will still count as one instance of an unexcused absence as far as letter triggering goes. 

SART & SARB

School Attendance Review Board (SARB) Process 

The School Attendance Review Boards (SARB) Process was created by the State Legislature to promote and support the coordination of school, community, and home efforts to deal with student attendance and behavior problems. The SARB process maximizes the use of all available resources and services, avoid unnecessary duplication of resources to resolve attendance and behavior problems, and divert students with school related problems from the juvenile justice system. References for SARB can be found in Education Code section 48320, et seq. 

Steps in the SARB Process

  1. Notice sent home by school district or site notifying parent/guardian of the incidents of truancy.
  2. Notice sent home by site; parent(s)/guardians are required to attend a Student Attendance Review Team (SART) meeting with student to discuss concerns and recommendations to improve attendance
  3. Certificated letter sent by district SARB indicating date, time, and location of required SARB hearing.
  4. Case referred to Juvenile Court.

SART 1

Site Attendance Review Team Level 1

Parents/Guardians are notified of the # of absences via mail

SART 2

Site Attendance Review Team (Board) Level 2

2nd letter sent to parents/guardians and individual meeting held with student, parents/guardians, and Assistant Principal or Attendance TSA

SARB

SARB 3

School Attendance Review Board

Student referred to the District Attendance Team for a team meeting

Questions about SARB 3? Contact Attendance Coord. Shellie Leavitt.

Our Local SARB 

Local SARBs are composed of representatives from the school district, and members of the community at large, including representatives from law enforcement, welfare, probation, mental health, various youth service agencies, and the district attorney’s office (SARB membership is identified in statute, Ed. Code § 48321). Members work collaboratively to diagnose the problem and recommend alternative solutions to alleviate circumstances that contribute to specific truancy, attendance, or behavior problems. Students are referred to SARB if they have persistent attendance and behavior problems in school and when the normal avenues of classroom, school, and district counseling do not resolve the situation. When SARB members meet with referred students, and their parents/guardians, the members’ goal is to identify a solution, or appropriate resources, for resolving the students’ problems. 

 

If parents refuse to respond to SARB directives, the school district must gather documentation that the pupil or the parents or guardians of the pupil, or both, have “failed to respond to directives of the SARB or to services provided” (Ed. Code § 48263). SARB must make this finding before a minor may come within the jurisdiction of the court (Welfare & Inst. Code § 601). Students and parents must understand that school attendance is not a matter of choice but is a mandate. SARB’s goal is to assist students and families in alleviating the factors that interfere with their compliance with this mandate. However, if students and parents or guardians choose not to use SARB’s assistance or follow school attendance laws and students do not attend school regularly SARB will take necessary steps to enforce compulsory laws. 

 

Request for Legal Action 

The local SARB can take legal action, based on our county’s established procedures, if the SARB determines that students’ attendance or behavior problems persist after exhausting community resources. Legal action also can result if students and families do not follow SARB recommendations, students violate the terms of the SARB contract, or students or families fail to cooperate with the local SARB. These legal actions can include several options:  

  1. Directing the school district to request the probation department to investigate the matter on behalf of the minor; 

  2. Directing the school district to request the department of social services to file a petition on behalf of the minor (Welfare & Inst. Code § 300); 

  3. Requiring the school district to file a complaint against the parent(s) or guardian(s) for violating Education Code sections 48291 and 48452 and Welfare and Institutions Code Section 601.2. 

Attendance Regulations / Ed Code

  1. Education Code 48260 - Any student subject to compulsory full-time education or to compulsory continuation education who is absent from school without valid excuse more than three (3) days, or tardy in excess of 30 minutes on each or more than three (3) days in one school year or a combination thereof is a truant and shall be reported to the Attendance Supervisor or to the Superintendent of the School District. 

  2. Education Code 48261 - Any student who has once been reported as a truant and who is again absent from school without valid excuse one (1) or more days, or tardy on one (1) or more days, shall again be reported as a truant to the Attendance Supervisor or the Superintendent of the District. 

  3. Education Code 48262 - Any student is deemed an habitual truant who has been reported as a truant three (3) or more times per school year, provided that an appropriate district officer or employee has made a conscientious effort to hold at least one conference with a parent or guardian of the student and the student him/herself after the filing of either of the reports required by Section 48260 or Section 48261. 

  4. Education Code 48263 - If any minor student in any district or county is an habitual truant, or is irregular in attendance at school, as defined in this article, or as referred to a School Attendance Review Board, the Supervisor of Attendance, or such other persons as the governing board of the school district or county may designate, making such referral shall notify the minor and parent of guardian of said minor, in writing, of the name and address of the board to which the matter has been referred and of the reason of such referral. The notice shall indicate that the student and parent or guardian of the student will be required, along with the referring person, to meet with the School Attendance Review Board (SARB) to consider a proper disposition of the referral. 

 

If the School Attendance Review Board determines that available community services can resolve the problem of the truant or insubordinate pupil, then the SARB shall direct the student or the student‘s parents or guardians or both, to make use of such community services. The SARB may require, at such time as it determines proper, the student or parent/guardian of the student, or both, to furnish satisfactory evidence of participation in the available community services. 

 

If the SARB determines that available community services cannot resolve the problem of the truant or insubordinate student or if the student or the parents or guardians of the student, or both, have failed to respond to directives of the SARB or to services provided, the SARB may direct the county superintendent of schools to, and, thereupon, the county superintendent of schools shall, request a petition on behalf of the student in the juvenile court of the county. Upon presentation of a request for a petition, the SARB shall submit to the juvenile court documentation of efforts to secure attendance as well as its recommendations on what action the juvenile court shall take in order to bring about a proper disposition of the case. 

 

5. Education Code 48263.6 - Any pupil subject to compulsory full-time education or to compulsory continuation education who is absent from school without a valid excuse for 10 percent or more of the schooldays in one school year, from the date of enrollment to the current date, is deemed a chronic truant, provided that the appropriate school district officer or employee has complied with Sections 48260, 48260.5, 48261, 48262, 48263, and 48291.

Related Links

Questions?

Contact

Attendance TSA Cheryl Yee Glass

or your Attendance Secretary